Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion Into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

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Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion Into Fuels, Chemicals and Power

Format:  Hardcover,

330 pages

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

Publish Date: May 2011

ISBN-13: 9780470721117

ISBN-10: 0470721111

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Book Information

The following content was provided by the publisher.
Thermochemical pathways for biomass conversion offer opportunities for rapid and efficient processing of diverse feedstocks into fuels, chemicals and power. Thermochemical processing has several advantages relative to biochemical processing, including greater feedstock flexibility, conversion of both carbohydrate and lignin into products, faster reaction rates, and the ability to produce a diverse selection of fuels.

"Thermochemical Processing of Biomass" examines the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels, chemicals and power through the use of heat and catalysts. The book presents a practical overview of the latest research in this rapidly developing field, highlighting the fundamental chemistry, technical applications and operating costs associated with thermochemical conversion strategies.

Bridging the gap between research and practical application, this book is written for engineering professionals in the biofuels industry, as well as academic researchers working in bioenergy, bioprocessing technology and chemical engineering.

Topics covered include: CombustionGasificationFast PyrolysisHydrothermal ProcessingUpgrading Syngas and Bio-oilCatalytic Conversion of Sugars to FuelsHybrid Thermochemical/Biochemical ProcessingEconomics of Thermochemical Conversion

For more information on the Wiley Series in Renewable Resources, visit


Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Publish Date: May 2011
ISBN-13: 9780470721117
ISBN-10: 0470721111
Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 330
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 2.0
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 6.8 x 1.0 x 9.8

Chapter outline

Series Preface
List of Contributors
Introduction to Thermochemical Processing of Biomass into Fuels, Chemicals and Power
Direct Combustion
Fast Pyrolysis
Hydrothermal Processing
Hydrolysis to Sugars
Technoeconomic Analysis
Biomasss Combustion
Combustion Systems
Fundamentals of Biomass Combustion
Pollutant Emissions and Environmental Impacts
Fundamentals of Gasification
Feed Properties
Classifying Gasifiers According to Method of Heating
Classifying Gasifiers According to Transport Processes
Pressurized Gasification
Product Composition
System Applications
Syngas Cleanup, Conditioning, and Utilization
Syngas Cleanup and Conditioning
Syngas Utilization
Practical Applications and Industrial Practices
Fast Pyrolysis
Bio-Oil Properties
Fast Pyrolysis Process Technologies
Bio-Oil Fuel Applications
Chemicals from Bio-Oil
Concluding Remarks
Bio-Oil Upgrading
Introduction to Fast Pyrolysis and Bio-Oil
Liquid Characteristics and Quality
Significant Factors Affecting Characteristics
Bio-Oil Upgrading
Chemical and Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-Oil
Hydrothermal Processing
Hydrothermal Liquefaction
Hydrothermal Gasification
Pumping Biomass into Hydrothermal Processing Systems
Conclusions of Hydrothermal Processing
Catalytic Conversion of Sugars to Fuels
Chemistry of Sugars
Hydrogen from Sugars
Sugar to Light Alkanes
Sugars to Oxygenates
Sugars to Larger Alkanes
Sugar Conversion to Aromatics
Conclusions and Summary
Hybrid Processing
Syngas Fermentation
Bio-Oil Fermentation
Cost of Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Power and Liquid Fuels
Electric Power Generation
Liquid Fuels via Gasification
Liquid Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis
Summary and Conclusions

Book description

This book is a comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes. The book brings together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume that allows comparison of the various thermochemical pathways. The thermochemical processes considered include combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, hydrothermal treating, and catalytic conversion of sugars. The book also includes chapters on the upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of the various processes for producing fuels and power.

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