Psychology and the Real World: Essays Illustrating Fundamental Contributions to Society

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Psychology and the Real World: Essays Illustrating Fundamental Contributions to Society

Format:  Paperback,

270 pages

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

Publish Date: Dec 2009

ISBN-13: 9781429230438

ISBN-10: 1429230436

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Book Information

The following content was provided by the publisher.

"Psychology and the Real World: Essays Illustrating Fundamental Contributions to Society" is a collection of brief, personal, original essays, ranging in length from 2500 to 3500 words, in which leading academic psychologists describe what their area of research has contributed to society. The authors are true stars in the field of psychology. Some of their work (for example, Elizabeth Loftus's studies of false memories, Paul Ekman's research on facial expression, and Eliot Aronson's "jigsaw," or cooperative, classroom studies) is well known to the public. The research of others is less familiar to nonspecialists, but no less fascinating. The book is unique the world of textbook ancillaries in that it does not reprint writings. Rather, innovative psychological scientists clearly and entertainingly tell readers why their research matters and how their line of inquiry developed.
The concept for the book came from the FABBS Foundation, a nonprofit educational foundation that supports the work of 22 scholarly societies that span the cognitive, psychological, behavioral, and brain sciences. The authors have volunteered their contributions. These authors have agreed that all grants, advances, and royalties and other financial earnings from this volume will go to the FABBS Foundation to support their educational mission.


Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education
Publish Date: Dec 2009
ISBN-13: 9781429230438
ISBN-10: 1429230436
Format: Paperback
Number of Pages: 270
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 0.86
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 6.25 x 9.25 x 0.75

Chapter outline

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiv
Introductionp. 1
Psychology and the Real World: An Introductionp. 2
Methods of Psychologyp. 9
Can the World Wide Web Be Used for Research?p. 10
Integrity Testing for Personnel Selection: The Role of Research Methodsp. 17
Neurosciencep. 23
Neurobiology of Stress and Adaptation: Implications for Health Psychology, Behavioral Medicine, and Beyondp. 24
Applying the Mechanisms of Self-Regulationp. 31
Sensation and Perceptionp. 37
Human Vision as a Reality Enginep. 38
Visual Search: Is It a Matter of Life and Death?p. 46
Learningp. 55
Making Things Hard on Yourself, But in a Good Way: Creating Desirable Difficulties to Enhance Learningp. 56
Using Testing to Improve Learning and Memoryp. 65
Memoryp. 75
Levels of Processing in Human Memoryp. 76
Crimes of Memory: False Memories and Societal Justicep. 83
Language and Thoughtp. 89
Creating and Learning Language by Handp. 90
Thinking Without Languagep. 98
Consciousnessp. 107
Thinking About Consciousnessp. 108
When You Put Things Out of Mind, Where Do They Go?p. 114
Intelligencep. 121
The Theory of Multiple Intelligencesp. 122
The Rainbow Project: Using a Psychological Theory of Intelligence to Improve the College Admissions Processp. 131
Emotion and Motivationp. 139
Reading Faces: The Universality of Emotional Expressionp. 140
Human Self-Regulation and Emotionp. 147
Developmentp. 153
Cultural Variation in Children's Attention and Learningp. 154
Preserving Infant Memoriesp. 164
Personalityp. 173
Products of Their Personalities or Creatures of Their Situations? Personality and Social Behavior Have the Answerp. 174
Psychological Disordersp. 181
Predisposed to Understand the Complex Origins of Behavioral Variationp. 182
Lost in Thought: The Perils of Ruminationp. 189
Treatment of Psychological Disordersp. 197
The Development and Evaluation of Psychological Treatments for Panic Disorderp. 198
Looking Beyond the Patient: A Couple-Focused Intervention for Health-Compromised Smokersp. 205
Stress and Healthp. 213
Framing Health Messagesp. 214
Positive Illusions: How Ordinary People Become Extraordinaryp. 224
Social Psychologyp. 229
Reducing Prejudice and Building Empathy in the Classroomp. 230
When Good Things Happen to Good People: Capitalizing on Personal Positive Events in Relationshipsp. 237
Workp. 245
Individual Occupational Performance: The Blood Supply of Our Work Lifep. 246
Organizational Climate: Theory and Evidencep. 255
Questions for Discussionp. 263

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