Freedom of Choice: Vouchers in American Education

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Freedom of Choice: Vouchers in American Education

Format:  Hardcover,

264 pages

Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group

Publish Date: Sep 2011

ISBN-13: 9780313393273

ISBN-10: 0313393273

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Inserting much-needed historical context into the voucher debates, "Freedom of Choice: Vouchers in American Education" treats school vouchers as a series of social movements set within the context of evolving American conservatism. The study ranges from the use of tuition grants in the 1950s and early 1960s in the interest of fostering segregation to the wider acceptance of vouchers in the 1990s as a means of counteracting real and perceived shortcomings of urban public schools.

The rise of school vouchers, author Jim Carl suggests, is best explained as a mechanism championed by four distinct groups--white supremacists in the South, supporters of parochial school in the North, minority advocates of community schools in the nation's big cities, and political conservatives of both major parties. Though freedom was the rallying cry, this book shows that voucher supporters had more specific goals: continued racial segregation of public education, tax support for parochial schools, aid to urban community schools, and opening up the public school sector to educational entrepreneurs.


Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group
Publish Date: Sep 2011
ISBN-13: 9780313393273
ISBN-10: 0313393273
Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 264
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 1.45
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 6.5 x 9.75 x 0.75

Chapter outline

List of Tablesp. ix
List of Figuresp. xi
List of Mapsp. xiii
Series Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xix
Freedomp. 1
Setting the Parametersp. 3
Freedom to Choosep. 7
The Federalist Statep. 10
Welfare State Contradictionp. 12
Conservatismp. 14
The Color of American Politicsp. 17
Plan of the Bookp. 19
Tuition Grantsp. 23
The Legislative Backlash to Brownp. 25
The 1960 School Crisisp. 33
The Ninth Ward Elementary Schoolp. 42
Spread of Tuition Grantsp. 47
Legal Defense of Tuition Grantsp. 52
From Tuition Grants to Segregated Academiesp. 54
Detourp. 61
Right Turn at the Office of Economic Opportunityp. 63
The Friedmanite Voucherp. 68
The New Hampshire Contextp. 70
Yankee Democracyp. 76
Aftermath of New Hampshire Vouchersp. 81
The Urban School Crisisp. 87
Reverend Virgil Blum's Vouchers Crusadep. 88
Public and Private Education in Milwaukeep. 100
Responses to School Desegregationp. 102
Independent Community Schoolsp. 107
Black Political Power in Milwaukeep. 115
Governor Tommy Thompsonp. 117
The Bradley Foundationp. 120
Vouchers Come to Milwaukeep. 123
Polly Williams and the Parental Choice Debatep. 127
The Church in the Cityp. 135
Depression-era Vouchersp. 137
Cleveland's Urban School Crisisp. 140
School Desegregation and Resegregationp. 144
Statehouse and City Hall Politicsp. 150
Cleveland Voucher Supportersp. 152
The Church in the Cityp. 158
The Governor and the Entrepreneurp. 162
The Cleveland Scholarship and Tutoring Programp. 169
Fixing School Vouchersp. 177
The Legal Challengesp. 178
School Vouchers in Perspectivep. 190
Prospects for School Vouchersp. 198
Notesp. 203
Bibliographyp. 235
Indexp. 253

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