|Publisher:||Univ of Nebraska Pr|
|Publish Date:||Jan 1953|
|Number of Pages:||105|
|Shipping Weight (in pounds):||0.85|
|Product in Inches (L x W x H):||5.9 x 0.69 x 8.34|
Ayn Rand, 1905 - 1982 Novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand was born Alice Rosenbaum on February 2, 1905 in St. Petersburg, Russia. She graduated with highest honors in history from the University of Petrograd in 1924, and she came to the United States in 1926 with dreams of becoming a screenwriter. In 1929, she married actor Charles "Frank" O'Connor. After arriving in Hollywood, Rand was spotted by Cecil B. DeMille standing at the gate of his studio and gave her a job as an extra in King of Kings.
She also worked as a script reader and a wardrobe girl and, in 1932, she sold Red Pawn to Universal Studios. In the 1950's, she returned to New York City where she hosted a Saturday night group she called "the collective". It was also during this time that Rand received a fan letter from a young man, Nathaniel Branden. She was impressed with his letter, and she wrote him back.
Her correspondence with him eventually led to an affair that lasted over a decade. He became her chief spokesperson and codified the principles of her novels into a strict philosophical system (objectivism) and founded an institute bearing his name. Their affair ended in 1968 when Branden got involved with another one of Rand's disciples. According to Rand, people are inherently selfish and act only out of personal interest making a selfish act, a rational one.
It is from this belief that her characters play out their lives. Rand's first novel was "We the Living" (1936) and was followed by " Anthem" (1938), "The Fountainhead" (1943), and "Atlas Shrugged" (1957). All four of her novels made the top ten of the controversial list of the 100 Best Novels of the 20th Century. On March 6, 1982, Ayn Rand died in her New York City apartment.
|Plot Overview||p. 5|
|Character List||p. 7|
|Analysis of Major Characters||p. 9|
|Equality 7-2521||p. 9|
|The Golden one||p. 10|
|Themes, Motifs & Symbols||p. 13|
|The Primacy of the Individual||p. 13|
|The Value of Martyrdom||p. 14|
|The Impotence of the Collective||p. 14|
|Original Creation as a Component of Identity||p. 14|
|The Forest||p. 17|
|Summary & Analysis||p. 19|
|Introduction & Author's Preface||p. 19|
|Chapter I||p. 21|
|Chapter II||p. 25|
|Chapters III-IV||p. 28|
|Chapters V-VI||p. 30|
|Chapter VII||p. 34|
|Chapter VIII||p. 37|
|Chapter IX||p. 39|
|Chapters X-XI||p. 42|
|Chapter XII||p. 46|
|Important Quotations Explained||p. 49|
|Key Facts||p. 55|
|Study Questions & Essay Topics||p. 59|
|Review & Resources||p. 63|
|Suggestions for Further Reading||p. 69|
Rand's dark portrait of the future was first released in England in 1938 and reedited for publication in the United States in 1946. This 50th-anniversary edition includes a scholarly introduction and a facsimile of the original British version, which bears Rand's handwritten alterations for its American debut.
The difference between this long-forgotten exercise in paranoia and other futuristic visions of a world controlled by the state, such as Aldous Huxley's or George Orwell's, is the extremist tone of Rand's story. The author lived in a black-and-white world in which things social or communal are evil and things individual and selfish are exalted. This "anthem" culminates in a hymn to the concepts of "I" and "ego", where the rebels are those who resist group action; the oppressors are government officials and others who attempt to provide a safety net for the less fortunate. The production is not improved by the theatricality of narrator Paul Meier, which is reminiscent of a ham Victorian actor intoning an overwrought melodrama. Not recommended.
-Mark Pumphrey, Polk Cty. P.L., Columbus, NC
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