What Your Second Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Second Grade Education

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What Your Second Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Second Grade Education

Format:  Paperback,

361 pages

Edition: Revised

Publisher: Random House Inc

Publish Date: Aug 1999

ISBN-13: 9780385318433

ISBN-10: 038531843X

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The following content was provided by the publisher.
Give your child a smart start with
"What Your Second Grader Needs to Know"
What will your child be expected to learn in the second grade? How can you help him or her at home? This book answers these all-important questions and more, offering the specific shared knowledge that hundreds of parents and teachers across the nation have agreed upon for American second graders. Designed for parents and teachers to enjoy with children, featuring a new Introduction, this second-grade volume of the Core Knowledge Series presents the knowledge and skills that should be at the core of a challenging second-grade education, including
- Favorite poems--old and new, from "Caterpillars" to Gwendolyn Brooks's prizewinning "Rudolph Is Tired of the City"
- Literature--from around the world, with African folktales, American tall tales, European fairy tales, and classic myths from ancient Greece
- Learning about language--the basic building blocks of written English, all explained with a touch of humor and common sense
- World and American history and geography--visit Japan, explore ancient Greece, travel the Underground Railroad with Harriet Tubman
- Visual arts--with activities and full-color illustrations of masterworks by El Greco, Van Gogh, Matisse, and others
- Music--basic theory, great composers, instruments, and fun-to-sing songs such as "I've Been Working on the Railroad" and "Do-Re-Mi"
- Math--challenging lessons ranging from telling time to doing fractions, numbers to 100, and a first look at geometry
- Science--the cycle of life and the seasons, levers and magnets, the wonder of the human body, and more, with lots of hands-on activities and stories about famous scientists

Specifications

:
Publisher: Random House Inc
Publish Date: Aug 1999
ISBN-13: 9780385318433
ISBN-10: 038531843X
Format: Paperback
Number of Pages: 361
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 2.0
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 7.25 x 9.25 x 1.0

About the author

Biography of Hirsch, E. D., Jr.

Hirsch is a conservative critic best known for his repudiation of critical approaches to literature (chiefly post structuralism and New Criticism) that assume that the author's intentions do not determine readings. He argues that any such methodology is guilty of "the organic fallacy", the belief that the text leads a life of its own. For Hirsch, the author's authority is the key to literary interpretation: The critic's job is to reproduce textual meaning by recovering the author's consciousness, which guarantees the validity of an interpretation.

In his two most important books, Validity in Interpretation (1967) and its sequel, The Aims of Interpretation (1976), Hirsch warns against the "critical anarchy" that follows from the "cognitive atheism" of both relativism and subjectivism. For him, these result from a corollary of the organic fallacy, the thesis that meaning is ultimately indeterminate because it changes over time or with the differing interests and values of different readers. According to Hirsch, meaning does not change; only value or significance does, as readers relate a text's fixed meaning to their cultures.

If there is more than one valid interpretation of a text, it is because literature may be reduced to more than one "intrinsic genre" or meaning type---the particular set of conventions governing ways of seeing and of making meaning at the time the author was writing. Many critics suggest that the intentions Hirsch recovers in intrinsic genres are really his own, rather than those of the author, because no one, including Hirsch, can escape his or her historically conditioned frame of reference when developing interpretations of literature.

Hirsch's recent books, including Cultural Literacy (1987), are seen as proof of those flaws by those who are troubled by the history and values of the dominant culture that Hirsch insists is the only culture. Hirsch argues that "common knowledge" is being denied minority students and others by feminists and other "radicals" who have undermined the authority of its great texts.

Chapter outline

Acknowledgments
A Note to Teachers
Introduction to the Revised Edition
General Introduction to the Core Knowledge Series
Language and Literature
Reading, Writing, and Your Second Grader
A Note to Parents
Suggested Resources for Parents and Children
Literature
Introduction
Poetry
Bed in Summer
Buffalo Dusk
Caterpillars
Bee! I'm Expecting You!
Hurt No Living Thing
Discovery
Harriet Tubman
Lincoln
The Night Before Christmas
Seashell
Something Told the Wild Geese
Rudolph Is Tired of the City
Smart
Who Has Seen the Wind?
Windy Nights
There Was an Old Man with a Beard
There Is a Young Lady, Whose Nose
Stories
The Blind Men and the Elephant
The Fisherman and His Wife
Talk
The Emperor's New Clothes
How Iktomi Lost His Eyes
The Magic Paintbrush
A Christmas Carol
Before Breakfast" (from Charlotte's Web)
How the Camel Got His Hump
El Pajaro Cu
Beauty and the Beast
The Tongue-Cut Sparrow
The Tiger, the Brahman, and the Jackal
How Wendy Met Peter Pan
American Tall Tales
Paul Bunyan
Pecos Bill
John Henry
Myths from Ancient Greece
Heroes and Monsters, Gods and Goddesses
Gods of Nature and Mythical Creatures
Prometheus Brings Fire, Pandora Brings Woe
Oedipus and the Sphinx
Theseus and the Minotaur
Daedalus and Icarus
Arachne the Weaver
Swift-Footed Atalanta
Demeter and Persephone
The Labors of Hercules
Learning About Language
Sentences
Two Rules for Writing Sentences
Nouns Name a Person, Place, or Thing
Singular and Plural Nouns
Verbs: Action Words
Verbs: Past and Present
Adjectives Describe Things
More About Words: Antonyms and Synonyms
Contractions
Abbreviations
Using Capital Letters
Familiar Sayings
Back to the drawing board
Better late than never
Cold feet
Don't cry over spilled milk
Don't (or can't) judge a book by its cover
Easier said than done
Eaten out of house and home
Get a taste of your own medicine
Two heads are better than one
In hot water
Keep your fingers crossed
Practice what you preach
Get up on the wrong side of the bed
Turn over a new leaf
Where there's a will there's a way
You can't teach an old dog new tricks
History and Geography
Introduction
World History and Geography
A Quick Geography Review
Settle Down!
Civilizations in Asia
Long Ago in Asia: Civilization in the Indus Valley
Civilization Along the Ganges
Hinduism
A Story from the Holy Books of Hinduism
Rama and Sita: A Tale from the Ramayana
Buddha: The Enlightened One
King Asoka: From War to Peace
A Wise Teacher in China: Confucius
China: Great Rivers and a Great Wall
An Important Invention
Smooth as Silk
Chinese New Year
Let's Visit Japan
Ancient Greece
Birthplace of the Olympics and More
A Civilization of City-States
Athens: Birthplace of Democracy
Rough, Tough Sparta
The Persian Wars
Battles That Live in Memory
Marathon
Thermopylae
Great Thinkers in Athens
Alexander the Great
The Gordian Knot
What Lies Beyond?
American History and Geography
A Quick Look Back
Our Constitution
Democracy: A Big Challenge
James Madison: Father of the Constitution
The War of 1812
Another War Already?
Dolley Madison: A Brave Woman
Oh, Say, Can You See
The Battle After the War
Westward Ho!
The Call of the West
Boats and Canals
The Iron Horse
Wagons West
A Family Goes West
Women's Work
The Oregon Trail
Already There: The American Indians
Forced from Their Lands
The Civil War
Fighting Against Each Other
Slavery in America
Stop Slavery or Let It Spread?
Another Kind of Railroad
Yankees Against Rebels
Abraham Lincoln: A Man for the Union
The Emancipation Proclamation
A Nation of Immigrants
E Pluribus Unum
Why Did Immigrants Come to America?
ALand of Opportunity?
Becoming a Citizen
Civil Rights: Liberty and Justice for All
All Men Are Created Equal
Susan B. Anthony and Votes for Women
Eleanor Roosevelt
Equality Regardless of Color
Mary McLeod Bethune
Jackie Robinson
Rosa Parks
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Cesar Chavez
Geography of the Americas
The United States Today
Central America and the Caribbean
South America
Visual Arts
Introduction
Taking a Line for a Walk
Lines and Movement
Looking at Sculptures
Looking at Landscapes
Animals Real and Imagined
Abstract Art
Architecture: The Art of Designing Buildings
A Building of Curves
A Beautiful Castle
A Modern Museum
Music
Introduction
Many Kinds of Music
Patriotic Music
Folk Music
Classical Music
Meet Some Great Composers
Families of Instruments: A Closer Look
The String Family
The Percussion Family
Keyboard Instruments
Mr. Bach at the Keyboard
Writing Music Down
Follow the Notes
Pitch: High and Low
A Musical Scale
Some Songs for Second Grade
Clementine
Old Dan Tucker
Home on the Range
Goodbye, Old Paint
Buffalo Gals
Casey Jones
Mathematics
Introduction
Working with Numbers to 100
Skip-Counting
Some Special Math Words
Even and Odd Numbers
Between, One More, and One Less
Counting with a Tally
Using Graphs
Writing Numbers as Words
Reading a Number Line
Review: Addition Facts to 12
Review: Subtraction Facts from Numbers to 12
Addition Facts with Sums of 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18
Subtraction Facts from 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, and 18
Adding in Any Order, and Adding Three Numbers
Doubles and Halves
Sum of 10
Checking Addition and Subtraction
Fact Families
Find the Missing Number
Missing Number Problems with Greater Than and Less Than
Working with Equations
Tens and Ones
Adding Numbers with Two Digits
Checking Addition by Changing the Order of Addends
Adding Three Numbers
Subtracting Numbers with Two Digits
Checking Two-Digit Subtraction
Adding and Subtracting Horizontally, Vertically, and in Your Head
Adding and Subtracting 9 in Your Head
Estimating and Rounding to the Nearest Ten
Fractions
Working with Numbers to 1,000
The Hundreds
Counting Between Hundreds
Count On!
Place Value
Expanded Form
Comparing Three-Digit Numbers
Adding Three-Digit Numbers
Regrouping Tens as Hundreds
Subtracting from a Three-Digit Number
Subtraction and Regrouping Hundreds
Money
Coins and Dollar Bills
How Many Make Up a Dollar?
Quarters and Counting by 25
Counting Money
Adding and Subtracting Money
Word Problems
Measurement
Measuring Length
Measuring Weight
Measuring Time: The Calendar
Measuring Time: Clock Time to 5 Minutes
Measuring Time: Half and Quarter Hours
Measuring Time: How Much Time Has Passed?
Geometry
Plane Figures
Solid Figures
Points, Lines, and Segments
Lines of Symmetry
Multiplication
What Is Multiplication?
Practicing Multiplication
Multiplying by 10
Three Rules for Multiplication
Word Problems and Missing Factors
Science
Introduction
The Cycle of Life and the Seasons
The Life Cycle
From Seed to Seed: A Plant's Life Cycle
From Frog to Frog: An Amphibian's Life Cycle
The Cycle of the Seasons
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter
The Water Cycle
Evaporation
Going Up, Going Down
Condensation and Precipitation
Putting It All Together: The Water Cycle
Insects
Insects Everywhere!
What Makes an Insect an Insect?
Are They Insects?
Insect Life Cycles
A Simpler Kind of Metamorphosis
Social Insects
An Ant Colony
In a Beehive
The Human Body
Cells: The Building Blocks of Living Things
Cells and Tissues, Organs and Systems
What Happens to the Food You Eat?
A Healthy Diet: The Food Pyramid
Vitamins and Minerals
Magnetism
That Special Magnetic Attraction
Magnetic Poles
Using a Compass
Simple Machines
Tools and Machines
Levers
Wheels
Pulleys
Inclined Planes
Wedges
Screws
Stories About Scientists
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Florence Nightingale
Daniel Hale Williams
Elijah McCoy
Illustration and Photo Credits
Text Credits and Sources
Index

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