Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control and Applications

Save $25 when you open a WalmartŪ Credit Card and spend $75 today. Plus, learn how to save an additional $10. Apply Now

Advertisement
Advertisement

Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control and Applications

Format:  Hardcover,

397 pages

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

Publish Date: May 2013

ISBN-13: 9781119993612

ISBN-10: 111999361X

Buy from Walmart

Shipping & Pickup
Online
$146.67
Not Available at this time

  • Store information not available.

 Buy from Marketplace

Shipping & Additional Information

Book Information

The following content was provided by the publisher.

Distillation has historically been the main method for separating mixtures in the chemical process industry. However, despite the flexibility and widespread use of distillation processes, they still remain extremely energy inefficient. Increased optimization and novel distillation concepts can deliver substantial benefits, not just in terms of significantly lower energy use, but also in reducing capital investment and improving eco-efficiency. While likely to remain the separation technology of choice for the next few decades, there is no doubt that distillation technologies need to make radical changes in order to meet the demands of the energy-conscious society.

"Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control and Applications "gives a deep and broad insight into integrated separations using non-conventional arrangements, including both current and upcoming process intensification technologies. It includes: Key concepts in distillation technologyPrinciples of design, control, sizing and economics of distillationDividing-wall column (DWC) - design, configurations, optimal operation and energy efficient and advanced controlDWC applications in ternary separations, azeotropic, extractive and reactive distillationHeat integrated distillation column (HIDiC) - design, equipment and configurationsHeat-pump assisted applications (MVR, TVR, AHP, CHRP, TAHP and others)Cyclic distillation technology - concepts, modeling approach, design and control issuesReactive distillation - fundamentals, equipment, applications, feasibility schemeResults of rigorous simulations in Mathworks Matlab & Simulink, Aspen Plus, Dynamics and Custom Modeler

Containing abundant examples and industrial case studies, this is a unique resource that tackles the most advanced distillation technologies - all the way from the conceptual design to practical implementation.

The author of "Advanced Distillation Technologies," Dr. Ir. Anton A. Kiss, has been awarded the Hoogewerff Jongerenprijs 2013. Find out more (website in Dutch)...

Specifications

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Publish Date: May 2013
ISBN-13: 9781119993612
ISBN-10: 111999361X
Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 397
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 1.45
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 6.0 x 9.25 x 1.0

Chapter outline

Prefacep. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xv
Basic Concepts in Distillationp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Physical Property Methodsp. 2
Vapor Pressurep. 6
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and VLE Non-idealityp. 8
Vapor-Liquid Equilibriump. 8
VLE Non-idealityp. 11
Relative Volatilityp. 13
Bubble Point Calculationsp. 14
Ternary Diagrams and Residue Curve Mapsp. 16
Ternary Diagramsp. 16
Residue Curve Mapsp. 18
Analysis of Distillation Columnsp. 24
Degrees of Freedom Analysisp. 26
McCabe-Thiele Methodp. 27
Approximate Multicomponent Methodsp. 33
Concluding Remarksp. 34
Referencesp. 35
Design, Control and Economics of Distillationp. 37
Introductionp. 37
Design Principlesp. 38
Operating Pressurep. 39
Heuristic Optimizationp. 40
Rigorous Optimizationp. 41
Feed Preheatingp. 42
Intermediate Reboilers and Condensersp. 42
Heat Integrationp. 43
Basics of Distillation Controlp. 44
Single-End Controlp. 46
Dual-End Controlp. 49
Alternative Control Structuresp. 52
Constraint Controlp. 53
Multivariable Controlp. 54
Economic Evaluationp. 55
Equipment Sizingp. 56
Equipment Costp. 59
Utilities and Energy Costp. 62
Cost of Chemicalsp. 63
Concluding Remarksp. 63
Referencesp. 64
Dividing-Wall Columnp. 67
Introductionp. 67
DWC Configurationsp. 70
Design of DWCsp. 75
Heuristic Rules for DWC Designp. 77
Approximate Design Methodsp. 78
Vmin Diagram Methodp. 79
Optimal Design of a DWCp. 82
Modeling of a DWCp. 83
Pump-Around Modelp. 84
Two Columns Sequence Modelp. 84
Four Columns Sequence Modelp. 85
Simultaneous Modelsp. 86
Simulation of a Four-Product DWCp. 86
Optimization Methodsp. 86
DWC Equipmentp. 87
Liquid/Reflux Splitterp. 89
Column Internalsp. 91
Equipment Sizingp. 91
Constructional Aspectsp. 94
Case Study: Separation of Aromaticsp. 97
Concluding Remarksp. 103
Referencesp. 107
Optimal Operation and Control of DWCp. 111
Introductionp. 111
Degrees of Freedom Analysisp. 112
Optimal Operation and Vmin Diagramp. 114
Overview of DWC Control Structuresp. 117
Three-Point Control Structurep. 118
Three-Point Control Structure with Alternative Pairingp. 120
Four-Point Control Structurep. 121
Three-Point Control Structure with Nested Loopsp. 121
Performance Control of Prefractionator Sub-system using the Liquid Splitp. 122
Control Structures Based on Inferential Temperature Measurementsp. 123
Feedforward Control to Reject Frequent Measurable Disturbancesp. 126
Advanced Control Techniquesp. 127
Control Guidelines and Rulesp. 128
Case Study: Pentane-Hexane-Heptane Separationp. 129
Case Study: Energy Efficient Control of a BTX DWCp. 132
Energy Efficient Control Strategiesp. 135
Dynamic Simulationsp. 139
Concluding Remarksp. 148
Referencesp. 149
Advanced Control Strategies for DWCp. 153
Introductionp. 153
Overview of Previous Workp. 154
Dynamic Model of a DWCp. 156
Conventional versus Advanced Control Strategiesp. 163
PID Loops within a Multi-loop Frameworkp. 163
Linear Quadratic Gaussian Controlp. 165
Generic Model Controlp. 167
Multivariable Controller Synthesisp. 167
Energy Efficient Control Strategiesp. 171
Background of Model Predictive Controlp. 173
Controller Tuning Parametersp. 175
Dynamic Simulationsp. 176
Concluding Remarksp. 180
Notationp. 181
Referencesp. 183
Applications of Dividing-Wall Columnsp. 187
Introductionp. 187
Separation of Ternary and Multicomponent Mixturesp. 188
Reactive Dividing-Wall Columnp. 195
Azeotropic Dividing-Wall Columnp. 198
Extractive Dividing-Wall Columnp. 199
Revamping of Conventional Columns to DWCp. 203
Case Study: Dimethyl Ether Synthesis by R-DWCp. 205
Case Study: Bioethanol Dehydration by A-DWC and E-DWCp. 212
Concluding Remarksp. 223
Referencesp. 223
Heat Pump Assisted Distillationp. 229
Introductionp. 229
Working Principlep. 231
Vapor (Re)compressionp. 232
Vapor Compressionp. 233
Mechanical Vapor Recompressionp. 233
Thermal Vapor Recompressionp. 234
Absorption-Resorption Heat Pumpsp. 234
Absorption Heat Pumpp. 234
Compression-Resorption Heat Pumpp. 235
Thermo-acoustic Heat Pumpp. 236
Other Heat Pumpsp. 240
Stirling Cyclep. 240
Vuilleumier Cyclep. 241
Brayton Cyclep. 241
Malone Cyclep. 242
Solid-Sorption Cyclep. 242
Heat-Integrated Distillation Columnp. 244
Technology Selection Schemep. 245
Energy Efficient Distillation Technologiesp. 246
Multicomponent Separationsp. 249
Binary Distillationp. 254
Selected Scheme Applicationsp. 263
Concluding Remarksp. 265
Referencesp. 265
Heat-Integrated Distillation Columnp. 271
Introductionp. 271
Working Principlep. 273
Thermodynamic Analysisp. 277
Potential Energy Savingsp. 280
Partial Heat Integrated Distillation Column (p-HIDiC)p. 280
Ideal Heat Integrated Distillation Column (i-HIDiC)p. 281
Design and Construction Optionsp. 282
Inter-coupled Distillation Columnsp. 284
Distillation Column with Partition Wallp. 285
Concentric Distillation Columnp. 287
Concentric Column with Heat Panelsp. 288
Shell & Tube Heat-Exchanger Columnp. 289
Plate-Fin Heat-Exchanger Columnp. 290
Heat Transfer Meansp. 292
Modeling and Simulationp. 295
Process Dynamics, Control, and Operationp. 297
Applications of HIDiCp. 300
Concluding Remarksp. 304
Referencesp. 305
Cyclic Distillationp. 311
Introductionp. 311
Overview of Cyclic Distillation Processesp. 313
Process Descriptionp. 316
Mathematical and Hydrodynamic Modelp. 319
Mathematical Modelp. 319
Hydrodynamic Modelp. 321
Sensitivity Analysisp. 323
Modeling and Design of Cyclic Distillationp. 327
Modeling Approachp. 329
Comparison with Classic Distillationp. 331
Design Methodologyp. 331
Demonstration of the Design Procedurep. 333
Control of Cyclic Distillationp. 335
Cyclic Distillation Case Studiesp. 338
Ethanol-Water Stripping and Concentrationp. 338
Methanol-Water Separationp. 341
Concluding Remarksp. 347
Referencesp. 349
Reactive Distillationp. 353
Introductionp. 353
Principles of Reactive Distillationp. 354
Design, Control and Applicationsp. 357
Modeling Reactive Distillationp. 362
Feasibility and Technical Evaluationp. 364
Feasibility Evaluationp. 364
Technical Evaluationp. 367
Case Study: Advanced Control of a Reactive Distillation Columnp. 371
Mathematical Modelp. 371
Open-Loop Dynamic Analysisp. 374
Closed-Loop Performancep. 374
Case Study: Biodiesel Production by Heat-Integrated RDp. 378
Case Study: Fatty Esters Synthesis by Dual RDp. 383
Concluding Remarksp. 387
Referencesp. 388
Indexp. 393

Book description

Distillation has historically been the main method for separating mixtures in the chemical process industry. However, despite the flexibility and widespread use of distillation processes, they still remain extremely energy inefficient. Increased optimization and novel distillation concepts can deliver substantial benefits, not just in terms of significantly lower energy use, but also in reducing capital investment and improving eco-efficiency. While likely to remain the separation technology of choice for the next few decades, there is no doubt that distillation technologies need to make radical changes in order to meet the demands of the energy-conscious society.

Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control and Applications gives a deep and broad insight into integrated separations using non-conventional arrangements, including both current and upcoming process intensification technologies.

It includes:

  • Key concepts in distillation technology
  • Principles of design, control, sizing and economics of distillation
  • Dividing-wall column (DWC) - design, configurations, optimal operation and energy efficient and advanced control
  • DWC applications in ternary separations, azeotropic, extractive and reactive distillation
  • Heat integrated distillation column (HIDiC) - design, equipment and configurations
  • Heat-pump assisted applications (MVR, TVR, AHP, CHRP, TAHP and others)
  • Cyclic distillation technology - concepts, modeling approach, design and control issues
  • Reactive distillation - fundamentals, equipment, applications, feasibility scheme
  • Results of rigorous simulations in Mathworks Matlab & Simulink, Aspen Plus, Dynamics and Custom Modeler

Containing abundant examples and industrial case studies, this is a unique resource that tackles the most advanced distillation technologies - all the way from the conceptual design to practical implementation.

The author of Advanced Distillation Technologies, Dr. Ir. Anton A. Kiss, has been awarded the Hoogewerff Jongerenprijs 2013. Find out more (website in Dutch)...

Gifting Plans

Financing Offers

Make the most of your shopping experience with the Walmart® MasterCard® or Walmart Credit Card.

Save $25 when you open a WalmartŪ Credit Card and spend $75 today. Plus, learn how to save an additional $10. Apply Now