|Publisher:||St Martins Pr|
|Publish Date:||Jan 2013|
|Number of Pages:||290|
|Shipping Weight (in pounds):||1.34|
|Product in Inches (L x W x H):||6.5 x 9.75 x 1.25|
Washington, DC, attorney Rawn (Root and Branch: Charles Hamilton Houston, Thurgood Marshall, and the Struggle To End Segregation) focuses on the 20th-century legal and political struggle by African Americans in the military, showing how the search for equal treatment paralleled, and often led, a larger fight for freedom. Military branches differed by culture and practice, e.g., the post-Civil War navy allowed blacks only as support stewards and cooks (the marines totally excluded them until near the end of World War II) while the army stipulated segregated units.
It was for organizational efficiency more than moral suasion that changes came during the war. After James Forrestal became secretary of the navy in 1944, a pilot program integrated ships and black women entered the WAVES. Rawn emphasizes that blacks were agents of change-a threatened march on Washington in 1941 resulted in a ban on discrimination in the defense industry; another proposed demonstration encouraged President Truman to outlaw racially prejudicial practices in the services in July 1948.
Verdict: An engaging book that compares with Jon E. Taylor's Freedom to Serve: Truman, Civil Rights, and Executive Order 9981, while Kimberley L. Phillips's War?: What Good Is It For?; Black Freedom Struggles and the U.S. Military from World War II to Iraq brings the subject to the present. Replete with biographical sketches, this should appeal to general readers.
-Frederick J. Augustyn Jr., Lib. of Congress, Washington, DC
(c) Copyright 2013. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
African Americans have served in the military since the Revolutionary War, but it took Harry Truman's Executive Order 9981-after 150 years of tough moral and legal battles-to desegregate all branches of the military. Lawyer Rawn can provide a rigorous legal perspective.
Beginning with the Revolutionary War, African Americans had used military service to do their patriotic duty and to advance the cause of civil rights. The fight for a desegregated military was truly a long war-decades of protest and labor highlighted by bravery on the fields of France, in the skies over Germany, and in the face of deep-seated racism on the military bases at home. Today, the military is one of the most truly diverse institutions in America.
?? In The Double V, Rawn James, Jr. the son and grandson of African American veteransexpertly narrates the remarkable history of how the strugge for equality in the military helped give rise to their fight for equality in civilian society. Taking the reader from Crispus Attucks to President Barack Obama, The Double V illuminates the African American military tradition as a metaphor for their unique and dynamic role in American history.
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