The Double V: How Wars, Protest, and Harry Truman Desegregated America's Military

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The Double V: How Wars, Protest, and Harry Truman Desegregated America's Military

Format:  Hardcover,

290 pages

Publisher: St Martins Pr

Publish Date: Jan 2013

ISBN-13: 9781608196081

ISBN-10: 1608196089

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The following content was provided by the publisher.
Executive Order 9981, issued by President Harry Truman on July 26, 1948, desegregated all branches of the United States military by decree. EO 9981 is often portrayed as a heroic and unexpected move by Truman. But in reality, Truman's history-making order was the culmination of more than 150 years of legal, political, and moral struggle.
Beginning with the Revolutionary War, African Americans had used military service to do their patriotic duty and to advance the cause of civil rights. The fight for a desegregated military was truly a long war-decades of protest and labor highlighted by bravery on the fields of France, in the skies over Germany, and in the face of deep-seated racism on the military bases at home. Today, the military is one of the most truly diverse institutions in America.
In "The Double V," Rawn James, Jr.the son and grandson of African American veteransexpertly narrates the remarkable history of how the strugge for equality in the military helped give rise to their fight for equality in civilian society. Taking the reader from Crispus Attucks to President Barack Obama, "The Double V "illuminates the African American military tradition as a metaphor for their unique and dynamic role in American history.

Specifications

Publisher: St Martins Pr
Publish Date: Jan 2013
ISBN-13: 9781608196081
ISBN-10: 1608196089
Format: Hardcover
Number of Pages: 290
Shipping Weight (in pounds): 1.34
Product in Inches (L x W x H): 6.5 x 9.75 x 1.25

Reviews

Review by Library Journal (2013-02-15)

Washington, DC, attorney Rawn (Root and Branch: Charles Hamilton Houston, Thurgood Marshall, and the Struggle To End Segregation) focuses on the 20th-century legal and political struggle by African Americans in the military, showing how the search for equal treatment paralleled, and often led, a larger fight for freedom. Military branches differed by culture and practice, e.g., the post-Civil War navy allowed blacks only as support stewards and cooks (the marines totally excluded them until near the end of World War II) while the army stipulated segregated units.

It was for organizational efficiency more than moral suasion that changes came during the war. After James Forrestal became secretary of the navy in 1944, a pilot program integrated ships and black women entered the WAVES. Rawn emphasizes that blacks were agents of change-a threatened march on Washington in 1941 resulted in a ban on discrimination in the defense industry; another proposed demonstration encouraged President Truman to outlaw racially prejudicial practices in the services in July 1948.

Verdict: An engaging book that compares with Jon E. Taylor's Freedom to Serve: Truman, Civil Rights, and Executive Order 9981, while Kimberley L. Phillips's War?: What Good Is It For?; Black Freedom Struggles and the U.S. Military from World War II to Iraq brings the subject to the present. Replete with biographical sketches, this should appeal to general readers.

-Frederick J. Augustyn Jr., Lib. of Congress, Washington, DC

(c) Copyright 2013. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Review by Library Journal (2012-11-01)

African Americans have served in the military since the Revolutionary War, but it took Harry Truman's Executive Order 9981-after 150 years of tough moral and legal battles-to desegregate all branches of the military. Lawyer Rawn can provide a rigorous legal perspective.

Book description

Executive Order 9981, issued by President Harry Truman on July 26, 1948, desegregated all branches of the United States military by decree. EO 9981 is often portrayed as a heroic and unexpected move by Truman. But in reality, Truman's history-making order was the culmination of more than 150 years of legal, political, and moral struggle.??

Beginning with the Revolutionary War, African Americans had used military service to do their patriotic duty and to advance the cause of civil rights. The fight for a desegregated military was truly a long war-decades of protest and labor highlighted by bravery on the fields of France, in the skies over Germany, and in the face of deep-seated racism on the military bases at home. Today, the military is one of the most truly diverse institutions in America.

?? In The Double V, Rawn James, Jr. the son and grandson of African American veteransexpertly narrates the remarkable history of how the strugge for equality in the military helped give rise to their fight for equality in civilian society. Taking the reader from Crispus Attucks to President Barack Obama, The Double V illuminates the African American military tradition as a metaphor for their unique and dynamic role in American history.

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